The small town gives its name to the Côtes de Nuits and its patron saint, Saint Georges, gives his name to their most famous wine. It is also home to several well-known Burgundy merchants. There are 41 Premier Crus in the appellation that stretches from Premeaux in the south to Vosne Romanée to the north. Most of the grapes grown here are Pinot Noir, but there are some plots planted with Chardonnay.
The soils in the northern part of the appellation come from pebbly alluvial soils washed down the slopes, or, in the low-lying parts, silty deposits from the river Meuzin. In the southern sector the alluvia at the base of the slope originate in the combe of Vallerots where there are deep marly-limestone soils, while at the top of the slope, the limestone rock is almost at the surface. Exposures are mostly to the East or Southeast
The appellation is divided into two parts by the town itself. The northern part near Vosne has more purple colours, is rich and scented and has aromas of prune, plum and cherry. The more southerly climats tend to be muscular and vigorous, full-bodied with berried fruit and blackcurrant. These are sturdy wines that take some time to age; several years’ laying down rounds them out and underlines their sensuality and breeding.